Step 1 // Install Anchors & Column Brackets
While this step could be done several different ways, "J" and I opted to use a post bracket & wedge anchor to tie the columns into our concrete pads. Using a drill bit we drilled a hole the length of our wedge anchor (4.5 inches) into the concrete. We then placed a 6x6 inch post bracket onto the top end of the wedge bolt. Using a hammer we gently tapped the bolt into the hole as far as it would go. Using a wrench we tightened the bolt so the clip on the bottom expanded. It's important to ensure it is tight as this is what will hold the bracket and columns in place.
Ensuring the roof is stable and supported is also important when building a structure of this size. While three 11ft x 10in x 2in boards would have been sufficient, the thickness of the column and beam would not have matched up. By laminating the 11x10x2's together using two pieces of 1/2 inch plywood, we were able to make the beam the same thickness as the column. Just note, this step is purely for looks and doesn't necessarily contribute to the strength of the beam. While I would have loved to have shown you this process, "J" tackled this piece of the project while I was away in Nashville... and he forgot to take pictures!
Step 3 // Install the Columns
After we cut the columns to our desired height (7ft and 9ft), we carefully stood them up on end in the brackets. Using deck screws, we affixed the columns to the brackets.
This is where the heavy lifting came into play! The header beams easily weighed over 170lb. so we had to bring the muscle! It took two guys (and a spotter) to lift and place each header beam on top of the two columns (so they ran parallel to one another)! Of course one last "level" check is always advised before securing to each column using a 6x2.
After cutting each rafter to the correct length, we wanted to ensure the rafters would sit securely on the headers, so we used a cut called a birdmouth (this allows the rafter to have more surface contact with the header). The ends of the rafter were also cut on an angle for a decorative touch as they would be exposed.
This step definitely involves two people because it's all about making sure the rafters are evenly spaced. Several screws are toenailed into the rafter & header on either side to ensure stability.
We opted to use deckboards for our roof vs. plywood; with the ceiling being open and exposed, we would rather see boards than plywood. Since we installed two skylights, some of the boards had to be cut shorter in order to accommodate to window. We also had pressure treat sealer on hand so we could seal the ends of the deckboards that were cut and exposed through the skylight.
With the roofboards installed it was easy to slip the window into place over the hole. We followed all instructions for the skylights to ensure a tight seal.
We could have stopped there, but because we wanted the roof to be leakproof, we opted to lay tar paper between the shingles and the roof boards. It's as easy as cutting it to size and nailing or tacking in place. Shingles were then installed over the entire roof. Working from the bottom up, this took us approximately 4 hours to complete. For an excellent, detailed how-to see Home Depot's roofing guide. At this time we also installed a drip edge.
I'm not going to lie, shopping and decorating was the best part of this project! Big loveseats and simple chairs allow for lots of seating, while an area rug ties the space together. Large curtains work to keep the morning sun out when lounging, and bright pink flowers bring a touch of the outdoors "in." Soooo relaxing!
For those of you who are interested in the materials breakdown of this project, you can find everything listed below. The amount of products may vary for you, depending on the size of your covered patio.
- 2 x 6 x 6 x 8' Chamfered Treated Wood in Sienna (front columns)
- 2 x 6 x 6 x 10' Chamfered Treated Wood in Sienna (back columns)
- 6 x 2 x 10 x 12' Treated Wood in Sienna (rafters)
- 2 x 1/2" 4 x 8 Pressure Treated Plywood in Sienna (for laminating header)
- 1 x 2 x 6 x 8' Treated Wood in Sienna (ties the header to the columns)
- 1 x 4 x 4 x 8' Treated Wood in Sienna (corner support beams)
- 4 x Marquis Wmax Autumn Brown Shingles
- 1 x Asphalt Felt Type 15
- 3 x Roof Edge Flashing - Brown
- 28 x 5/4 x 6 x 12' Treated Wood Decking in Sienna (roof boards)
- 4 x Papc 5/8x4-1/2 Wedge Anchors
- 4 x Z-Max 6 Inch x 6 Inch Adj.Post Base
- 1 x 8x3 Cedar Deck Screws
- 1 x Cut N Seal Pro Guard
- 1 x 1" Roofing Hot Galv 10GA 1.5kg
- 2 x Fixed Self Flashing LoE3 Clear Glass Skylight - 2 x 4 Ft
- 2 x 16 In. Swirl Plant Bracket
- 1 x Exterior Hanging Lantern
Looking for more beautiful pictures of this outdoor living area? Check out my Reveal Post!
Disclosure: I was provided with a gift card from The Home Depot in order purchase supplies to complete the this HDBlogSquad project.